Expatriates Working in China with Criminal Records

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Op-Ed Commentary: Chris Devonshire-Ellis and Richard Hoffmann

Aug. 27 – A recurring theme over the past two years for expatriates wanting to be based in China is the subject of possessing a criminal record. These may of course be for relatively minor offenses; however China’s policy in this regard can be strict.

A standard requirement (although it is not always requested) for expatriates looking to work in China is for a “Certificate of No Criminal Record” to be provided when applying for a work permit. This is a particularly strict requirement in Shenzhen and Guangzhou, though less so in Beijing and Tianjin. Providing this certificate means having to go to your local police station in your home country and obtaining one. Different countries have different systems for providing such a document, and some smaller countries can even issue this from their embassy in Beijing. For most expatriates seeking employment in China, however, this needs to be obtained from their local police authority in their home country.

The same also applies to having a criminal record in China. However, criminal records are not usually recorded in China on a national basis. Therefore, it may be possible if in possession of a criminal record in China – if the authorities have not already deported you – to apply successfully for such a work permit in a different region of China. The best advice is of course to not commit criminal acts in China. You risk your job, simple as that.

A little known aspect of China’s laws also criminalizes debts of over RMB10,000. That means that if a foreign invested company has become insolvent or bankrupt, unless the debts, including all staff obligations, taxes due and so on are met by the parent company, expatriates simply walking away from the situation risk being found guilty in absentia. This is of particular pertinence to the chief representative or legally responsible person. In these positions, the title means exactly what it says – responsible for the activities of the company, including its debts.

People can be incarcerated for long periods over debts incurred by their company in China. Returning to China knowing that you have such a background then is unwise. Expatriates’ personal data is now shared on a national basis, and even if one manages to apply for a work permit in a different city, a sharp-eyed clerk somewhere may mean a knock on the door sometime later.

The lesson for all expatriates in China is to pay your debts, and keep out of trouble. You may not get a second chance.

Foreign-invested companies in China facing significant problems in which closure becomes necessary must take the appropriate actions when doing so. Leaving China with unauthorized debt places you at significant future risk should you wish to later re-enter the China market. It is far better to negotiate with creditors than face prosecution. Most of the obligations under such circumstances can be dealt with through negotiation, and require the provision for creditors meetings. Although unpleasant, these do allow for the company to state its position firmly, abide by the rules, and decrease the amount of outstanding debt. While creditors can usually be dealt with, staff and any outstanding tax matters do need to be settled. The procedure for closure also requires an audit.

We have recently provided update advice and the procedural structure on this subject, please see the China Briefing issue “Closing Representative Offices and Liquidating Businesses in China” for more information.

Chris Devonshire-Ellis is the principal of Dezan Shira & Associates. Richard Hoffmann is a senior legal associate with the firm and is responsible for issues relating to expatriate employment and human resource legal and administrative matters in China. If you have queries about obtaining work permits in China, please contact Richard at legal@dezshira.com. Businesses requiring advice on liquidation procedures and related matters may contact Sabrina Zhang, national tax partner for the firm, in strict confidence at tax@dezshira.com.
Chris also contributes to India Briefing , Vietnam Briefing , Asia Briefing and 2point6billion

Related Reading
Criminal Records to be Required for China Work Visas

Closing Representative Offices and Liquidating a Business in China

One Response

  • Chris Devonshire-Ellis says:

    * An additional note, if you are employed as Chief Representative or Legally Responsible Person and are aware that your parent company is in trouble, the sensible thing to do (when applicable and appropriate) in order to protect your personal involvement and potential liability from this would be to resign your position in China. This would especially be pertinent if the company is having difficulty paying your own salary. Chief Representatives and Legally Responsible Persons can enact this individually in China and submit documentation to the authorities to demonstrate you have resigned and for your name to be removed from the China company business licenses. Should the situation look irretrievable, and the company owners demonstrate insincerity over handling problems, this solution may be enough to individually protect you from the businesses liabilities in China. Resignation of such positions does not require parent company approval, it is the choice of the employee.
    Legal advice however should be taken beforehand, and the procedures for removing your name from the business license followed through correctly. – Chris

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