China Factory Output and Non-manufacturing Figures Show Signs of Expansion
The National Bureau of Statistics reported growth of factory output last month, signs that policies aimed at instigating growth are coming into effect. Its official manufacturing purchasing manager’s index increased from 49.0 in February to 50.2 in March, the first time the figure has surpassed 50, or expansion, for eight months. The Caixin manufacturing PMI, a private indicator, also increased from 48.0 in February to 49.7 in March. It is said that March’s upturn has been affected by the boost in Chinese stock markets, stabilization of the Chinese Yuan following uncertainty at the beginning of the year, and the priority of growth stated at China’s annual legislative session where a higher target for deficit was set.
Growth has also been seen in the non-manufacturing sector. According to the National Statistics Bureau, China’s official non-manufacturing PMI, which covers retail, real estate, construction, aviation and software sectors, rose from 52.7 in February to 53.8 in March, clearly in expansion. In further detail, the services sub-index grew from 52.2 in February to 53.1 in March, and the sub-index for construction from 55.2 to 58.0.
Chin Labor Market: Slow in the Rate of Increase of Minimum Wage Levels
China’s labor ministry has recently proposed a change to the formula which calculates the minimum wage in order to curb its increase. A two year freeze on the minimum wage in Guangdong province was enforced in February, followed by Shanghai’s recent increase of the monthly wage by 8.4 percent to RMB 2,190, compared to the 13 percent seen in the last six years. By the end of 2015, 28 cities and regions in China had adjusted their local minimum wage levels for 2016.
In the past decade, China’s minimum wage grew at a faster rate than the economy, helping to share the country’s economic prosperity with its workers, but this control of salary comes with the Government’s concern that rising labor costs will directly affect competitiveness in the manufacturing sector. A complete guide to 2015 minimum wage levels across China can be found here. A 2016 guide will be released soon on China Briefing website in the coming months.
China’s Steel Industry Struggles
China’s top listed steel manufacturer Baosteel has announced that its output is to rise by 20 percent this year, even though efforts have been made to reduce overcapacity by the government. The announcement was made a day after India’s Tata steel decided to sell its British operations based in Port Talbot, and many observers have blamed China’s cheap export of surplus steel as the reason for the disruption in the global steel industry. China has the world’s largest capacity of steel (1.2 billion tonnes), and produced 803.8 million tonnes of steel in 2015, accounting for over 50 percent of world steel production. However, China Iron and Steel Association (CISA) has warned that China’s economic slowdown and optimized structure is increasingly dampening appetite for steel products, adding more pressure to a sector already struggling with overcapacity. The country’s domestic steel demand decreased in 2015 for the first time in three decades, which led to mass layoffs in many Chinese state-owned steel firms recently.
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