Qingdao is a coastal city on the yellow sea in the south of the province of Shandong and faces to South Korea as well as to Japan. Qingdao is one of the China's first batches of best tourist cities, due to its countryside, which is surrounded by sea and mountains. Because of its past as a German colony, Qingdao is famous for his International Beer Festival, held in the last 2 weeks of August. Furthermore the city is famous for the world´s largest sea bridge, the Jiaozhou Bay Bridge, which links the main urban area of Qingdao with Huangdao district. Qingdao is arguably one of the most important cities in Shandong.
Information presented on this page are introductory business intelligence on the respective region, and thus it cannot serve as a substitute for official information released by government agencies or similar institutions. For the most up-to-date information, please refer to the information sources or speak to a Dezan Shira & Associates representative.
- Area: 10,654 km2
- Population: 8,960,000
- GDP: USD 128,818 million
- Primary Industry (percentage of GDP): RMB 32,440 million (4.4 percent)
- Secondary Industry (percentage of GDP): RMB 340,220 million (46.6 percent)
- Tertiary Industry (percentage of GDP): RMB 357,550 million (49.0 percent)
- Total: RMB 730,210 million
- Total retail sales of consumer goods: RMB 770,281,670 million
- Total value of imports and exports: USD 408,107,350 million
- Fixed Investment: RMB 646,281,340 million
Source: China 2013 Statistical Yearbook (uses 2012 statistics)
- Minimum monthly wage: RMB 1,250
- Minimum hourly wage: RMB 10-13
- Avg. Housing Rent Price: RMB 10.83/ m2
- Avg. Housing Purchase Price: RMB 24.61/m2
Sources: Local Labor Bureau and Social Insurance Bureau (2013)
The Qingdao Liuting, former civil aviation airport, is located 31 kilometers from downtown Qingdao. The airport has been used since 1982, mainly by China Eastern and Shandong Airlines. However, in December 2013 the government approved the construction of Qingdao Jiaodong International Airport, which will be located 39 kilometers from Qingdao, in Jiaodong (Jiaozhou), and will replace Liuting as Qingdao´s main airport.
Located in center of Shandong Peninsula, Qingdao is one of the busiest ports in the world. Since it was founded in 1892, trade has rapidly increased and Qingdao is now trading with over 700 ports all over the world.
Qingdao Railway Station was built in 1900 and nowadays there are hundreds of trains heading to main cities and provinces in china, such as Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou, Xi´an and other 13 locations. However, the main line is between Qingdao and the capital city of Shandong Province Jinan handling over 990 million passengers per year.
Nine expressways and 4 National Highways pass through Qingdao. The roads have total lengths of 14,326 km including 700 km expressways. Main highways include the Jinan-Qingdao, Jiaozhouwan and the Qingdao-Yinchuan expressways.
Qingdao’s Subway has been under construction since 2009, and includes two phases. In total 7 lines are planned. The first lines, Line 3 and Line R1, are expected to be completed in summer 2015. In addition, Line 2 is set to commence operation in January 2016. Four lines are planned for the second phase, with the first line becoming operational in April 2017. Line R3 has a set completion date of December 2017 and the last two lines will become operational in February 2018.
Qingdao is the wealthiest city in Shandong and is viewed as a port, brand, tourist, marine science and technology city.
It makes effort to build advanced manufacturing, industrial base, hi-tech industrial base, modern service industrial base, regional economic center, north east international shipping center and national marine research center.
The main industries in Qingdao are electronics, communications, information and electric home appliance, chemicals and rubber, food and beverage, automobile and ship building and garment and accessories. Qingdao is also home to many famous Chinese brands. These enterprises account for more than half of the city’s total economic aggregate. However, state-owned enterprises are still the mainstay of famous brands, including Haier, Hisense, Double Star, Jifa and Tsingtao Beer.
Qingdao is also famous for its marine-tech research power in China. Almost half of the national marine researchers and research institutions are located in the city.
Foreign invested enterprises Qingdao are subject to an income tax rate of 25 percent; however in specific industries such as agriculture, forestry, animal husbandry, fishery and sideline projects and income from environmental protection exemptions and reductions may apply.
Qingdao has nine development areas: Qingdao Huanhai Economic Development Zone, Jimo Economic Development Zone, Jiaozhou Economic Development Zone, Jiaonan Economic Development Zone, Pingdu Economic Development Zone, Laixi Economic Development Zone, Jimo High-tech Development Zone, Chenyang Industrial Park, and Qingdao Port Industry Processing Zone.
In addition, six economic parks are being planned:JiaozhouYanghe Equipment Manufacturing Area, Jiaonan Dongjiakou Heavy Chemical Industrial Area, Jimo Longquan Auto and Parts Industrial Area, Pingdu Xinhe Chemical Industrial Area, Laixi Jiangshan Light Industry Area and Jimo Nudao Shipbuilding Industrial Area.
Qingdao is a famous natural port, foreign trade port and a shipping hub on the west coast of the Pacific Ocean. As China's second largest port in terms of cargo throughput, Qingdao Port also operates Asia's biggest crude oil terminal and the world's top iron ore terminal. With 70 productive berths, 24 of which are deep sea water berths for vessels of over 10,000 dwt, the port has 97 international shipping routes that connect Qingdao with more than 450 ports around the world. Currently seven Fortune 500 companies have established subsidiaries in Qingdao Port, including Mitsubishi from Japan and ABB from Sweden.
Qingdao Economic and Technological Development Zone
Established in 1984, the Qingdao Economic and Technological Development Zone was one of the first 14 national-level economic zones approved by the State Council. It occupies a total area of 20.2 square kilometers. The zone has an excellent transportation network and is linked to three expressways. Accessible from downtown Qingdao either via expressway or sea routes, it is about 24 kilometers to the city by sea and 66 kilometers by expressway. Trips to the city take approximately 30 minutes via ferry or 12 minutes via speedboat. It is 53 kilometers to the airport (approximately 40 minute drive). The Huangdao Train Station is also located in the zone and connects to the entire national rail network. The station has 26 regular trains, transporting a total of 30 million tons annually.
Qingdao Hi-Tech Industrial Development Zone
Established in 1992 and located in the eastern part of Qingdao city, the park covers an area of 16.7 square kilometers. The park comprises the Hi-Tech Product Export Base, Biology Valley, University Science Park, Software Park,HuiteIndustrial Zone, and more.
The park is in a central location with Qingdao’s new downtown to the west, Laoshan National Park to the east, and the beach just 12.5 kilometers to the south. It is also situated just 12 kilometers from Qingdao harbor, 15 kilometers from the railway station, and 17 kilometers from the airport.
High-tech industries and enterprises are concentrated in the northern part of Qingdao Hi-Tech Park. Universities, institutions, research centers and a residential area make up the central part, while the southern part of the park consists of a resort area and tourist attractions. The park is ranked third among the 52 high/new technology zones of its kind in China.
Qingdao Free Trade Zone
Established in 1992, the Qingdao Free Trade Zone is the only bonded area in the Yellow River basin and duly receives preferential treatment. Covering an area of 3.8 square kilometers, the area enjoys being certificate-free, tax-free and bonded, among other special policy treatments.
The Qingdao free trade zone follows the model of the standard Free Trade Zone in China and enjoys a series of preferential policies including tax rebates and smoother registration processes for imports and exports, tax exemptions and special policies for export trade processing, and bonded warehousing. The zone has attracted international investors from over 40 countries as well as domestic investors from over 20 provinces. There are more than 2,000 investments, of which almost 1,000 have come from foreign, private, and joint ventures. Total contracted foreign investments have already reached USD 160 billion.
Qingdao Economic and Technological Development Area
Qingdao Free Trade Zone
Qingdao Government Site
Qingdao High-tech Industrial Development Zone
Qingdao Investment Promotion Department
Qingdao Statistics Information
Austrade Qingdao Representative Office
Suite 1001, Crowne Plaza Hotel, 76 Hong Kong Middle Road, Qingdao
Tel: (532) 8577 8870
Fax: (532) 8577 8960
China-Britain British Council
Suite 503, 5F, 121 Yan An San Road, Qingdao
Tel: (532) 386 9772
Fax: (532) 386 9329
Hong Kong Trade Development Council
Suite 25A-B, Qingdao International Finance Center, 59 Hong Kong Middle Road, Qingdao
Tel: (532) 8579 3658
Fax: (532) 8579 3659
International Enterprise Singapore Qingdao Representative Office
Suite 710, Crowne Plaza Hotel, 76 Hong Kong Middle Road, Qingdao
Tel: (532) 8577 9933
Fax: (532) 8577 9922
Japan External Trade Organization
Suite 12-D, Qingdao Ocean Building, 61 Hong Kong Middle Road, Qingdao
Tel: (532) 8387 8909
Fax: (532) 8387 8900
Qingdao Taiwan Compatriots Investment Enterprises Association
Suite 1001, 5F, Shandong Road, Qingdao
Tel: (532) 8587 8655
Fax: (532) 8587 9811
The Netherlands Business Support Office Qingdao
Suite A-2505, Top Yihe International Building, 10 Hong Kong Middle Road, Shinan District, Qingdao
Tel: (532) 6677 7515
Fax: (532) 6677 7519
Crowne Plaza Hotel
76 Hong Kong Middle Road, Qingdao
Tel: (532) 8571 8888
Doubletree by Hilton Qingdao
220 Chengyang Section of National Highway 308, Qingdao
Tel: (532) 8098 8888
Grand Regency Hotel
110 Hong Kong Middle Road, Qingdao
Tel: (532) 8588 1818
11 Donghai Middle Road, Qingdao
Tel: (532) 8596 9888
48 Xianggang Road West, Qingdao
Tel: (532) 8387 1888
Holiday Inn Qingdao Parkview
306 Xingyang Road, Chengyang District, Qingdao
Tel: (532) 8096 6888
Huiquan Dynasty Hotel
9 Nanhai Road, Qingdao
Tel: (532) 8299 9888
98 Aomen Road, Qingdao
Tel: (532) 6656 6666
Kylin Crown Hotel
197 Hong Kong Road East, Qingdao
Tel: (532) 8889 1888
Le Meridien Qingdao
Xu Zhou Road, Shi Bei District, Qingdao
Tel: (532) 8501 7506
Qingdao Oriental Hotel
4 Daxue Road, Qingdao
Tel: (532) 8286 5888
Seaview Garden Hotel
2 Zhanghua Road, Qingdao
Tel: (532) 8587 5777
Shang-ri La Hotel
9 Hong Kong Middle Road, Qingdao
Tel: (532) 8388 3838