Jiangmen is located in the southeast of Guangdong province and is an important communications hub. It is one of the largest light-industry production bases in China for textiles, chemical fibers, leather products and paper, and also a major export base for motorcycles. Jiangmen is relatively undeveloped compared to its eastern neighbouring cities, which gives it potential for investment in labour- and land-intensive production.
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Population density (urban): 470 persons/km2
Source: China 2013 Statistical Yearbook (uses 2012 statistics)
Primary Industry (percentage of GDP): RMB 14,898.78 million (7.8 percent)
Secondary Industry (percentage of GDP): RMB 102,190 million (53.5 percent)
Tertiary Industry (percentage of GDP): RMB 73,920.87 million (38.7 percent)
Total: RMB 191,010 million
Total retail sales of consumer goods: RMB 80,720 million
Total value of imports and exports: US$ 18,872 million
Fixed Investment: RMB 85,040 million
Source: China 2013 Statistical Yearbook (uses 2012 statistics)
Minimum monthly wage: RMB 1,130
Minimum hourly wage: RMB 11,1
Avg. annual wage of staff and workers: RMB 42,700
Sources: Local Labor Bureau and Social Insurance Bureau (2013)
There are six major airports a little more than 100 kilometers away, namely Guangzhou Baiyun Airport, Shenzhen, Zhuhai, Hongkong and Macau (all reachable within a 2-hour drive)
The city is developing itself into a leading energy base in Guangdong with the construction of the nine million kwh Taishan Power Plant - the largest of its kind in Asia with at least two generator units of 1.2 million kwh currently in operation.
Ports & Waterways
Jiangmen port is the second largest river port in Guangdong. In addition, there are six ports in Jiangmen, the Jiangmen, Xinhui, Sanbu, Heshan, and Taishan ports. The Enping ports have 360 berths handling 20.32 million tons of cargo a year.
There are also 22 first class ports with six direct passenger liners shuttling between Hong Kong and Macau. The Yinzhou lake, Tianma and Guijing harbor districts and Xinhui port have all been developed to improve the water-transportation network of the region.
The city is connected to Zhuhai and Guangzhou by a new high-speed passenger railway (2011) and a new freight railway (2012).
Some major road developments have been completed and there are now strong connections with the surrounding areas, particularly through a new highway connecting Jiangmen with Zhongshan and with the Guangzhou-Shenzhen highway. There are highway links to the major regional airports such as the Fokai and Jiangzhong freeways. Jiangmen has the largest highway network among prefecture cities in Guangdong.
Jiangmen ranks as one of the 50 leading mainland cities in terms of integrated economic strength and its a major foreign trade centre in Guangdong. The city is one of the biggest light-industry production bases in China for textiles, chemical fibers, leather products, paper. There has been great development in these areas in recent years and in particular the "motorcycle city" of Pengjiang district. It is now the largest motorcycle manufacturing base in China and a specialized base for motorcycle products in Guangdong with an annual output of 2.8 million motorcycles.
Manufacturing plays a significant role in Jiangmen's economy. Pillar industries include the manufacturing of motorcycles, household appliances, electronics, paper, food processing, chemical fibres and garments, textiles, and stainless steel products. Some worldwide famous brand names including Jingling washing machines and Vinda toilet paper, are produced in the city. It also has the largest production base of chemical textile fibers in Guangdong, contributing to roughly half of the provincial output of these products.
Jiangmen has over 4,000 foreign-invested enterprises. The city is also an established base of export processing trade which accounted for a large majority of the city's total exports. In order to provide a better investment environment, Jiangmen has established a one-stop service center where all investment procedures can be completed under one roof. The city is also the first in Guangdong to introduce an online government approval system to provide fast and convenient service to investors via internet.
As a gateway for Hong Kong to enter the western Pearl River Delta market, Jiangmen has a unique advantage over neighboring Zhuhai, Zhongshan, Foshan and Zhaoqing, because of its abundant land resources. Jiangmen is 10 times the size of Hong Kong.
There are 73 new and high-tech development zones and industrial parks in Jiangmen. Furthermore, Jiangmen has developed 165 industrial parks, among which four are provincial level parks. These parks encompass an area of 550,000 mu with 140,000 mu having been already developed. A total of 2954 enterprises have settled in the parks bringing in investments projects valued at approximately RMB 34.4 billion.
High-tech Industrial Development Zone:
Located in Jianghai district, the High-tech Industrial Development Zone is home to more than 500 industrial projects with a total value surpassing RMB 31.2 billion. The zone is expected to have an industrial value of more than RMB 100 billion by the end of 2015.
The main industries are electronic information, biochemical, and pharmaceutical manufacturing and optical electromechanical machinery.
Xinhui Economic Development Zone
Located in Xinhui District, the Xinhui Economic Development Zone is home to more than 360 foreign-funded enterprises and domestic private industry and commerce enterprises. Xinhui is one of the biggest development zones in Guangdong province. Seven new industries, including power equipment, optical instruments, information, fine chemicals, textiles and clothing, steel smelting, and hardware and stainless steel, have been developed within the zone. Production in the zone has been increasing at an annual rate of more than 25% in recent years.
The district is the center of Jiangmen city and comsists of three towns and six-sub districts covering an area of 324 square kilometers with a population of 650,000 people. The key industries are motorcycles and accessories, chemical and textile clothing, hardware machinery, bathroom equipment, auto parts and accessories. Big players such as PetroChina BP and Volkswagen have set up their factories in Pengjiang.