Zhongshan is located in the southern part of Guangdong Province, close to Guangzhou, Foshan, Zhuhai and Macau. Zhongshan is the birthplace of China’s famous revolutionary and political leader Dr. Sun Yat-sen (Sun Zhongshan). Similar to other cities in the Pearl River Delta, Zhongshan is the ethnic hometown of a significant number of overseas Chinese. Secondary manufacturing industries make up a major part of the Zhongshan's economy, followed by tertiary service industries.
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|Population (million - 2011):||3.14|
|GDP (RMB billion - 2011):||219.08|
|Utilized FDI (USD million - 2011):||729|
|Exports (USD million - 2011):||24,550|
|Minimum wage per month||RMB 1310|
|Minimum wage per hour||RMB 12.5|
Zhongshan is connected to all parts of the Pearl River Delta via its ports and waterways. Zhongshan is connected to all parts of the Pearl River Delta via the Zhongshan Port in the est, the Shenwan Port in the south and the Xiaolan Port in the north.
Two railways connect Zhongshan with other Guangdong cities including a light rail passenger line that connects Zhongshan and Guangzhou and a branch line that connects Zhongshan and Jiangmen. However, there is no major rail network connecting Zhongshan to the nearby trunk lines running to and from Guangzhou, Shenzhen or Hong Kong.
Zhongshan is connected to other parts of China by the national highway G4W, and connected to other cities in Guangdong province via various provincial highways.
The industrial sector contributes the most to Zhongshan’s output (>50%) followed by the service sector (>30%) and the agriculture sector (<10%). The most important industries are electronics and information, textiles, electrical appliances and machines, biotechnical and chemical products, and metal products.
Different industries are based in various specialized manufacturing towns, each of which is dedicated to making specific products. Examples of these pillar industries are:
- mahogany furniture in Dachong Town
- electrical household appliances in Dongfeng Town
- lighting products in Guzhen Town
- food industry in Huangpu Town
- casual wear manufacturing in Shaxi Town
- electronic acoustic products in Xiaolin Town
The Municipal Government aims to make Zhongshan an important model base for research and development, manufacturing, and applications in the new energy industry by 2020. A fund has been set up for leading enterprises and growing SMEs committed to new energy resources and energy saving.
In line with the aim of the municipal government, the government is now developing Zhongshan's new energy industry especially in the fields of wind turbine equipment, LED lighting, power cells, solar energy, and biological intelligence equipment.
Zhongshan Torch High-Tech industrial Development Zone
The development zone was set up in east of the city in 1990 by the Ministry of Science and Technology, the Guangdong provincial government and the Zhongshan local government. The zone is designed for promoting industries such as electronics and IT, biotech, packaging and printing, chemical engineering and automobile parts.