New Draft of Charity Law Submitted to China’s National Legislature
China has been drafting a new version of its Charity Law that will significantly impact upon the manner in which foreign charities and NGOs operate in the country. The new law, the drafting of which has been in the pipeline for several years now, is understood to now be in bill format and was introduced to the NPC last month. This new draft makes significant improvements and clarifications on previous attempts, reflecting a more pragmatic approach to the status of charitable organizations by the Chinese State.
The draft includes recommendations from the Chinese Ministry of Public Security, Ministry of Civil Affairs, and crucially, guidance from the State Administration of Taxation for charity certification and determination of tax status for charities. Previously, applications from charities for legal status in China were extremely difficult to obtain due to conflicts within the registration system, notably with systematic problems taxing not-for-profit entities.
These problems have also dogged numerous educational and professional bodies over the years, who have been unable to reach out to Chinese professionals in a variety of industries. This lack of legal structure to permit the establishment of foreign NGOs in China has arguably been damaging to the ability of certain professions to graduate to international and advanced levels of technology and practice.
The new draft also expands the definition of “charity” to include most “public benefit” activities; and clarifies the registration process and actual legal status of not-for-profit organizations and the “charity certification” process. This would allow publicly beneficial organizations to be registered in China and permit locally recognized community organizations to be certified as engaging in charitable activities, even though they are not legal persons.
It would add a significant and welcome entry point in terms of legal establishment processes to legitimate charities operating or wishing to operate in China. An overview of the draft, including initial comments, can be found online here, courtesy of the Charity Law Research Team, Fairbank Center for Chinese Studies of Harvard University.
Interested readers should bear in mind that the above document is a draft of the proposed law only, and has not yet come into force or been approved by the NPC. Nonetheless it gives an insight into what may be a welcome clarification of the status concerning charitable and NGO operations in China. To keep up with further developments on the law, please subscribe to updates from China Briefing here.
The proposed new law comes at an interesting time for China. The country has minimal procedures for claiming only small amounts of tax relief on charitable donations, while both the country and its business leaders have been criticized for a poor philanthropic attitude. When Bill Gates and Warren Buffett visited China in 2010 to generate interest in their “Giving Pledge”, few attended the meetings organized by the two billionaire philanthropists. Around the world, 122 billionaires have signed the Giving Pledge promoted by Buffett and Gates. None of them are Chinese, even though China now has 358 billionaires, one-fifth of the global total.
Stung by this, entrepreneur Jack Ma has recently set up a charitable foundation, which it was hoped would motivate the Chinese government to be more proactive in encouraging both a more philanthropic attitude towards charity in general and to loosen strict regulations concerning the activities of foreign organizations in China.
That initiative appears to have been one pillar of the pressure that has been building on China’s previous reluctance to embrace charities and NGOs. Dezan Shira & Associates provides legal and accounting assistance to multiple foreign NGOs and charities in China. For more details on how this new bill, if passed, could affect your chances of establishing a charitable organization or NGO in China, please email the practice at email@example.com. Pro-bono or cost-only rates may apply under certain qualifying criteria.
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