China Regulatory Brief: Plan for Promoting Employment, and Development Zone Reform and Growth
Plan for promoting employment during the 13th Five Year Plan period
The State Council has issued a plan for promoting employment during the 13th Five Year Plan period, which clarifies the guiding ideas, basic principles, major objectives, key tasks, and guarantee measures for promoting employment. According to the plan, by 2020, the employment scale will be expanded, while employment quality will further improve. New job opportunities in cities and towns will exceed 50 million in total, and the registered unemployment rate nationwide in cities and towns will be brought down under five percent. Nine specific tasks, including building a new-type employment model under the sharing economy, implementation of an entrepreneurship and innovation talent introduction program, supporting migrant workers to return to home to carry out pilot programs of entrepreneurship, implementation of an entrepreneurship training program, a program to advance the development of human resources service industry, have been identified to meet the requirements of the plan.
Benefits unchanged after childbirth insurance and medical insurance schemes merge
The General Office of the State Council has announced a pilot program for merging childbirth insurance and basic employee medical insurance, which will be carried out in the cities of Handan, Jinzhong, Shenyang, Taizhou, Hefei, Weihai, Zhengzhou, Yueyang, Zhuhai, Chongqing, Neijiang, and Kunming. The merging of the two insurances will not affect the benefits of either insurance programs, and will only involve the integration of management. In fact, the improvement of the fund pooling capability will mean that insured employees will enjoy higher benefits.
Eligible employees in Fujian allowed 10 days paid leave to take care of elderly parents each year
The Provincial Department of Human Resources and Social Security of Fujian Province has passed a regulation which guarantees the rights and benefits of the elderly people. While emphasizing issues such as family guarantee, social security, and social benefits of elderly people, it also stipulates that 10 days of leave a year will be granted to employees whose parents are 1) over the age of 60; and 2) are hospitalized, so that children may have time to look after their parents. The regulation will come into effect on March 1, 2017, and employers in violation of the regulation will be fined RMB 2,000 to 20,000.
Promoting reform and innovative growth of development zones
The General Office of the State Council has issued opinions on promoting reform and innovative growth of development zones. It encourages the development zones to actively attract foreign investment and undertake international industrial transfer, in addition to creating support for multinational enterprise groups to carry out cross-border RMB fund pool businesses. It also sets guidelines for work to permit the eligible enterprises in development zones to borrow funds in foreign currencies and RMB in the form of loans and issuance of bonds, under a framework of full range foreign debts and prudential management of capital flow. Customs special supervision zones such as export processing zones and bonded port areas that meet the requirements will be combined into comprehensive bonded zones gradually and support the eligible development zone development and operating enterprises to become listed and issue bonds for fundraising at home and abroad.
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