Permitted Allowances for Foreign Employees in China
Aug. 22 – The Chinese Tax Bureau allows foreign staff (including those from Hong Kong, Macau and Taiwan) to deduct certain “allowances” before calculating the tax burden on their monthly salary. This is something that should be discussed between an employee and employer as part of the overall salary package discussions, however there are two prerequisites to the deduction of allowances:
- In the employment contract (and sometimes also in a board resolution depending on the location of the company) there should be a clear reference to the amount being paid to the employee under the title of each specific allowance.
- Each month the employee should produce evidence to show the company that this money was indeed spent on the services described in the contract; this is done using the ubiquitous “fapiao,” or official invoice, that should be received whenever an official monetary transaction is completed in China (in some cities, the name of the company must be clearly written on the fapiao for it to be permitted as a deduction).
Let’s look at the deductions that are allowable one-by-one:
Foreign employees are allowed to deduct a certain amount that they spend on meals each month from their taxable income. Most of the fapiaos submitted should be issued by restaurants; although for some portion of the allowance fapiaos issued by supermarkets may also be accepted. Please note that the fapiao should state that the product purchased was “meals” or “food.”
The amount spent on rental of an apartment may also be deducted. However please be aware that in China a private landlord will often be reluctant to issue an official fapiao because in order to obtain one, he/she must pay approximately 17 percent of the rental amount received to the Tax Bureau. If a fapiao is requested, the landlord will likely charge a large premium on top of the originally negotiated rental amount. Foreign employees that require a fapiao should negotiate this with the landlord before signing the rental contract. Fapiao issuance should be clearly mentioned in the agreement. Foreign employees living in a serviced residence will not have this problem – the residence will be managed by a company that can issue a fapiao.
This is fairly self-explanatory – an allowance for the dry cleaning of clothes etc.
Children’s education allowance
Some of the cost of a foreign employee’s education expense for the studying of Chinese language or relating to the education of their children can be deducted. Note that the education must be received here in China, and as with the other allowances above, a fapiao must be received.
Home visit allowance
Each year a foreign employee is allowed to deduct the cost of one or two return flights back to their home country (usually the cost of a ticket up to business class may be permitted). Note that flights to other destinations are normally not accepted.
Cost of hotels and other expenses are also not accepted as this is considered a home visit allowance, not a vacation allowance.
Allowance as a proportion of salary
One key point is how much of a foreign employee’s salary can be allocated to allowances. This is something that is not clearly defined by the law, which stipulates that the allowances should be “reasonable.” In practice, many companies adopt a proportion of 30 percent of the total salary of the foreign employee and classify this portion as allowances. There is always the possibility that the tax office will challenge the company on this issue, so we recommend that the proportion of allowance should be set at or below this level.
Portions of this article came from “Human Resources and Payroll in China (Third Edition)” which is available on the Asia Briefing Bookstore. A firm understanding of China’s laws and regulations related to human resources and payroll management is essential for foreign investors who want to establish or are already running foreign-invested entities in China. This guide aims to satisfy that information demand, while also serving as a valuable tool for local managers and HR professionals who may need to explain complex points of China’s labor policies in English.
Dezan Shira & Associates is a specialist foreign direct investment practice, providing corporate establishment, business advisory, tax advisory and compliance, accounting, payroll, due diligence and financial review services to multinationals investing in emerging Asia. Since its establishment in 1992, the firm has grown into one of Asia’s most versatile full-service consultancies with operational offices across China, Hong Kong, India, Singapore and Vietnam as well as liaison offices in Italy and the United States.
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