Tax Policy Clarification Released for China’s Western Region

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Aug. 10 – On July 27, China’s National Bureau of Statistics, the Ministry of Finance, and the General Administration of Customs jointly published the “Circular on Issues Concerning Tax Policies for In-depth Implementation of Western Development Strategy (Caishui [2011] No.58, “Circular”),” effective from January 1, 2011.

The western region in the Circular includes Sichuan Province, Guizhou Province, Yunnan Province, Shaanxi Province, Gansu Province, Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, Xinjiang Uighur Autonomous Region, Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, Tibet Autonomous Region, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, the municipality of Chongqing, and the Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps.

The Tujia and Miao Autonomous Counties in western Hunan and Hubei Provinces, as well as the Yanbian Korean Autonomous Prefecture in Jilin Province, may refer to the western region taxation policy when implementing their own taxation policy.

According to the Circular:

  • Equipment imported for self-use within the total investment amount limit by projects in the domestic-funded and foreign-invested encouraged industries, as well as priority industries in the western region, are exempt from customs duty within the scope of the related policies.
  • Enterprises within the encouraged industries established in the western region enjoy a reduced 15 percent corporate income tax (CIT) rate from January 1, 2011 to December 31, 2020. Encouraged industries refer to enterprises whose primary businesses are those stipulated in the “Catalogue of Encouraged Industries in the Western Region.” The income from the primary business should account for over 70 percent of the enterprise’s total income.
  • Transportation, electric power, water conservancy, postal services, radio and TV enterprises in the western area newly established before December 31, 2010 and entitled to the “two-year exemption and three-year 50 percent reduction” preferential CIT policy – according to the “Circular on Issues regarding Preferential Tax Policies for Developing the Western Region, Article 2.3 (Caishui [2001] No.202)” – shall continue to enjoy the preferential policy until its expiry.

Recently the Minister of Finance Xiao Jie and Vice Minister Qiu Xiaoxiong went to Xinjiang, leading officials from the General Administration of Customs and other related departments to conduct research on the issues concerning the taxation in Xinjiang as well as implementing the Central Government’s taxation policy for supporting the development of Xinjiang, according to a report on the Ministry of Finance’s official web site.

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