Transfers of Natural Resource Use Rights Subject to Business Tax
Jan. 23 – China’s State Administration of Taxation (SAT) recently clarified the tax treatment towards transfers of natural resource use rights.
According to the “Circular on Business Tax (BT) Policies on Natural Resource Use Right Transfers (caishui  No.6)” issued on January 6, 2012, transfers of natural resource use rights – namely transfers of the rights to explore, exploit and employ natural resources – will be regarded as one type of intangible asset transfers.
The “transfer of natural use rights” will be added as a subhead under the tax item “Intangible Asset Transfer” in the “Annotations to BT Items (Pilot Version) (guoshuifa  No.149)” released by the SAT in December, 1993.
Natural resource use rights include sea area use rights, mineral exploration as well as exploitation rights, water intake rights, and other rights to use natural resources (excluding land use right), Circular No. 6 clarifies.
The transfers of natural resource use rights by local governments or local administrative departments of natural resources above county levels are exempt from BT.
The Circular also specifies that transfers of natural resources located within borders are regarded as “domestic transfers.”
The new Circular will take effect on February 1, 2012.
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