New Tariff Rates to Impact the Import/Export Business in China
The Chinese government has recently released the 2016 Customs Tariff Implementation Plan (“2016 Tariff Plan”), which implements custom duties on a total number of 8,294 items. In 2016, China will implement temporary tax rates, which is even lower than the most-favored-nation duty (MFN) on more than 787 imported commodities, including on diapers (two percent), sunglasses (six percent), kaolin (one percent) and skincare products (two percent). The country also slashed tariffs by 50 percent for 14 categories of consumer goods this year in an effort to boost China’s import/export businesses and increase Chinese domestic consumption. Further, exporting certain technical equipment and products to China will be exempt from custom duties.
In China, the duty rates levied on imported goods consist of:
- Most-favored-nation duty (MFN) rates;
- Conventional duty rates;
- Special preferential duty rates;
- General duty rates;
- Tariff rate quota (TRQ) duty rates; and
- Temporary duty rates.
An Overview of the Recent Development of China’s FTAs with Foreign Countries
On December 9, the Chinese government signed off its Free Trade Agreement (FTA) with the Republic of Korea and Australia. Both FTAs will take effect on December 20 with a first round of tax cuts. The second tariff reduction is scheduled on January 1, 2016. Under the FTA, over 90 percent of the imported products from South Korea and Australia will gradually be subject to zero tariff rates.
Following this, on December 10, Zhong Shan, the Trade Representative and Deputy Minister of China’s Ministry of Commerce and Kumsishvili, the Georgian Minister of Economy & Sustainable Development, signed the Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) between the two countries on Initiating Negotiations over Sino-Georgia FTA. China is the third largest trade partner and second largest source of imports of Georgia. In March 2015, both countries announced the commencement of research on feasibility of FTA negotiations. The two sides are also considering the establishment of a “Sino-Georgia Free Trade Zone,” which is expected to strengthen bilateral relations and deepen the countries’ economic and trade cooperation.
Investing in China’s Commercial Healthcare Insurance Industry
China’s Ministry of Finance, together with the State Administration of Taxation (SAT) and China Insurance Regulatory Commission, has decided to launch a trial program of individual income tax (IIT) reduction on commercial healthcare insurance in 31 cities of China, including Beijing and Shanghai. Specifically, expenditure incurred by individuals in the areas covered by the pilot program from purchasing qualified healthcare insurance products is permitted to be deducted before IIT collection capped at RMB 2400 per year.
Back in 2013, China’s State Council released the “Several Opinions on Promoting the Development of the Healthcare Service Industry” (guofa  No. 40), which puts forward several development goals for the country’s healthcare industry to achieve by 2020. The Opinions explicitly state that market entry requirements for the healthcare service industry will be relaxed, and an open, transparent, equal and standardized access system for the healthcare service industry will be established. Currently, foreign investors are allowed to set up wholly foreign-owned insurance companies (shares owned by a foreign party in a life insurance company capped at 50 percent) in China, based on the latest Guidance Catalogue for Foreign Investment Industries.
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